Community Engagement in Health Impact Assessments
Monday, November 4, 2013
: 2:50 p.m. - 3:10 p.m.
Health Impact Assessments (HIAs) are an important tool for promoting health in all policies, and community stakeholders are becoming recognized as important partners in furthering the HIA methodology. An HIA was conducted on the multi-use development of a vacant parcel of land located in a low income, racially diverse neighborhood in Boston, MA. The HIA examined the development's potential impacts on resident health and safety, specifically chronic disease, mental health, and injury. Stakeholder involvement is a key element of the HIA process, yet it does not consistently occur in the HIA process due to time and budget constraints. Community engagement was integral to the success of this HIA and helped to drive its scoping, assessment, and recommendations phases. HIAs frequently examine published health status data, but these data often lack the geographic and demographic specificity needed to understand how a particular neighborhood may be affected by a proposed project or plan. In order to address this limitation, the assessment phase was enhanced by the implementation of an innovative neighborhood survey to better gauge local residents' behaviors, perceptions and values, consequently indicating how they would perceive and use the new development. This critical information guided the formation of the predicted health impacts and recommendations for making the development healthier and safer, ultimately strengthening its value and utility for the neighborhood. The HIA process also built capacity among residents, helped solidify important partnerships between the community and public health partners, and fostered the creation of a healthy, safe space for local residents.
Public health or related public policy
Discuss mechanisms for community engagement in the HIA process.
Demonstrate the utility of neighborhood surveys in the HIA assessment phase.
Describe how the HIA process can build capacity among community stakeholders and strengthen the HIA process.
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a public health practitioner with over 6 years experience in community health assessment and planning. I have taken a graduate course and participated in several trainings on HIA methodology. I was on the project team that implemented the HIA discussed in this presentation, and have since been involved in training and technical assistance for three additional health impact assessments.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.