Multi-method approach to identify areas of high need and impact with limited resources
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
: 11:30 a.m. - 11:45 a.m.
In an effort to inform HIV/AIDS policy and program, a national HIV nonprofit developed a multi-method approach for targeting limited resources to areas of high need and impact by using novel methods of public data comparison and geospatial mapping. Seven summary measures incorporating HIV and broader health data were selected from publicly available data. These measures include; minority populations living with HIV/AIDS, unmet need, age, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, literacy, race, and education. These measures were ranked to provide a list of states of high impact. Furthermore, geospatial mapping of care sites overlaid with county level HIV prevalence data was used to mine down to determine need in specific geographic locations. States identified as high impact were California, Illinois, Texas, New York, as well as the District of Columbia. Lowest impact states included Montana, North Dakota, Vermont, Wyoming, and Maine. Geospatial mapping at the county level using ArcGIS and point data of community health centers and HIV service delivery sites was effective in finding delivery sites in high need jurisdictions. These methods were successful for targeting areas of high impact and need. In addition to these methods, mapping was also done on data related to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Using these methods provides targets to maximize limited funding and resources. Incorporating broader health data allows improved alignment with the social determinants of health when defining impact. Geospatial mapping allows data visualization by geography that was essential for targeting high need areas.
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Advocacy for health and health education
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related public policy
Identify publicly available data sets for analysis.
Describe how targeting for impact and need maximizes funding.
Explain how to mesh disease data with social determinants of health when measuring impact.
Define the importance of geospatial mapping and geographic analysis in informing policy and program.
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the Research and Evaluation Manager of a national HIV nonprofit and lead all research functions related to policy, program implementation and evaluation, and prevention. These functions include identifying novel strategies for data analysis, HIV epidemiology and mapping, and evaluation design.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.