Online Program

Prevalence of substance use among puerto rican adolescents and its associated risk and protective factors

Monday, November 4, 2013

Margarita R. Moscoso-Alvarez, PhD, Foundations of Education, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus, San Juan, PR
Linnette Rodriguez-Figueroa, MS, PhD, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Puerto Rico, Graduate School of Public Health, San Juan, PR, Puerto Rico
Juan C. Reyes-Pulliza, EdD, MS, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Puerto Rico, Graduate School of Public Health, San Juan, PR
Hector Colón, PhD, Center for Evaluation and Sociomedical Research, University of Puerto Rico, Graduate School of Public Health, San Juan, PR
The extent of drug use among adolescents is a great concern for all health prevention workers. The most promising alternative to implement effective prevention strategies is through a risk focus approach. The presentation will present the findings of a school survey called "Consulta Juvenil”. This survey used Catalano et al. “Student Survey of Risk and Protective Factors and Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drug” Spanish version questionnaire that was adapted and administered to a representative islandwide sample during 2010-2012. A total of 10,134 10th-12the grade students in public and private schools in PR participated. The substance most used by adolescents was alcohol (48.6%), followed by tobacco (14.3%). Other drugs used by 15.1% of students included marijuana, inhalants, heroin, cocaine, crack, design drugs, and non-prescription pills. Of these, the most commonly reported substances were marijuana (12.4%), non-prescription pills (6.1%), and inhalants (6.1%). Males reported use of all substances more frequently than females. Risk and protective factors were grouped into five domains: individual, family, peer group, school, and community. The most significant risk factors identified were antisocial behavior, favorable attitude toward substance use, involvement with peers that use drugs, family with history of substance use, and availability of alcohol. Perception of harmful drugs, religiosity, participation in family decisions and activities, and recognition by school, community, and family of adolescents' prosocial involvement were the protective factors significantly associated with substance use. Findings from this study could have important implications for the development of preventive intervention programs for the Hispanic adolescent population.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Other professions or practice related to public health
Public health or related education
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe the prevalence of drug use among the Puerto Rican adolescents. Describe risk and protective factors for drug use in an Hispanic population.

Keyword(s): Drug Use, Adolescent Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I'm the Co-PI of the study. I conceptualized the analyisis and wrote the abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.