Online Program

Maternal and perinatal death review at the facility: An innovative approach to collect and analyze data on maternal and neonatal deaths in Bangladesh

Tuesday, November 5, 2013 : 3:30 p.m. - 3:42 p.m.

Ismat Hena, Population Council, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Mst. Farhana Akter, MSS, Population Council, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Ubaidur Rob, PhD, Population Council, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Inequalities in terms of socio-economic status and geographic location are major challenges in achieving equitable development in maternal and child health. Notwithstanding the significant progress made in improving maternal, neonatal and under-five child mortality, the key challenges include lack of access, and inadequate and poor quality of MNH services in Bangladesh. Maternal and perinatal death review (MPDR) is one of the key activities of P4P project of Population Council where MPDR committees were formed and collected data, utilizing structured tools, on the causes of admission, diagnosed causes of death, referral system, condition during admission and management of the reviewed facilities. Statistical analysis was done with the findings. A descriptive analysis of the MPDR meeting minutes was conducted where doctors, nurses and managers of the respective facilities reviewed all findings and discussed the underlying cause of the death event. The delay to recognize a life-threatening condition or an emergency when births occur at home was found as the primary reason for deaths. Ninety-one percent of the referred newborn cases were received in an unstable condition or dead. Ninety five percent cases were referred by either unqualified or community-level providers. The key reason for the 5 maternal deaths was the inadequate care women received at the community level and upon arrival at the facility. Attributing supply-side factors responsible for these deaths included lack of inputs, e.g., technology necessary to provide critical care, unavailability of qualified providers at receiving facilities, and lack of skills among community-level providers to identify high-risk mothers.

Learning Areas:

Administration, management, leadership
Program planning

Learning Objectives:
Design MPDR process in each facility will able to identify their gaps in service provision and deficiencies of facilities. At the same time the policy makers will take the opportunity to modify the policies to create demand for enhancing institutional deliveries.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: As a medical doctor, I was one of the persons to implement the P4P project in one district. I have provided all inputs to develop MPDR tools and guidelines. I was also key person to facilitate the MPDR meetings at facility level. So I am able to present all the findings of MPDR process under ‘Introducing Pay-For-Performance (P4P) Approach to Increase Utilization of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Services in Bangladesh’ research study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.