Online Program

Factors impacting Latino child dietary health behavior and obesity

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Lisa Aponte-Soto, MHA, Community Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, S. Chicago Heights, IL
Understanding the role of parents and other adult figures in the development of childhood overweight is critical at a time when pediatric obesity has reached epidemic proportions. Childhood obesity can result in numerous adverse health consequences including early onset of Type 2 Diabetes. Latino children have among the highest obesity rates in comparison to their white counterparts (CDC, 2005). Sociocultural factors may place children at an elevated risk for becoming overweight and obese as early as the preschool years. Maternal perceptions about weight, diet and health influence child feeding methods and dietary intake. Among Latinos, culturally-rooted beliefs and family social support with child feeding may have positive and negative effects on child health behavior. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 100 Latinas with preschool aged children to understand the influence of family support with child feeding, family composition, and household characteristics on child feeding practices, dietary intake and overweight/obesity. Analyses revealed that grandparents, fathers and older siblings provided much of the support with child feeding. Mothers who received support from family members were more likely to promote child health by teaching about nutrition. However, social support also increased practices that promoted the consumption of energy-dense snacks, sweetened beverages and juices; and, increased the likelihood for child obesity (OR: 2.01; CI: 1.12, 3.62). Conversely, children who had a healthy food environment at home consumed fewer sweets, less soda and more fruits. Participant-led solutions are discussed as a premise for developing health promoting educational programming on early childhood obesity prevention among Latinos.

Learning Areas:

Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Identify the household characteristics that influence obesity prevention and development among Latinos; Discuss tailoring asset-based interventions to promote Latino child health

Keyword(s): Child Health, Obesity

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: the research being presented is based on my dissertation research. I also have experience conducting community-based research with and implementing health promotion program for Latino populations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.