Online Program

Dietary patterns of young Mexican-origin children in rural California

Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Lucia Kaiser, PhD RD, Nutrition, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA
Albert Aguilera, MPH, PhD, Nutrition / Graduate Group in Nutritional Biology, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA
Cathi Lamp, MS MPH RD, UC Cooperative Extension Tulare County, Tulare, CA
Constance Schneider, PhD RD, UC Agriculture and Natural Resources, Davis, CA
Marcel Horowitz, MS, MCHES, UC Cooperative Extension Yolo County, Woodland, CA
Margaret Johns, MS RD, UC Cooperative Extension Kern County, Bakersfield, CA
Judith Martinez, UC Davis, Firebaugh, CA
Adela de la Torre, PhD, Center for Transnational Health, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA
NiƱos Sanos, Familia Sana (Healthy Children, Healthy Families) is a five-year, community-based participatory research intervention to prevent obesity in Mexican-origin children, ages 3-7 yrs. The purpose of this paper is to compare dietary patterns of children in the intervention (n=118) and comparison (n=47) communities and examine gender influences on diet(boys, n=79 and girls, n=86). Parents completed a 26-item food frequency questionnaire, previously validated in a binational sample, and designed in a low-literacy, pictorial format. Four additional items asked about child feeding practices. Wilcoxon two-sample test was used in the analysis. At baseline, there were no differences in food consumption patterns between the communities. In the total sample, percent of children consuming an item one or more times daily was 49% for tortillas, 15% for refried beans, 74% for low-fat milk, 47% for 100% juice, 20% for fruit punch, 13% for soft drinks, 43% for cereal, 74% for fresh fruit, 21% for cooked vegetables (other than potatoes), and 25% for chips and cookies. Compared to boys, girls consumed rice (p=0.02) and ready-to-eat cereal (p=0.02) more often and were more likely to eat snacks on a regular schedule each day (p=0.05). The findings from this study can be used to design a family-centered nutrition education program to maintain high-quality dietary patterns and prevent childhood obesity in Mexican-origin populations.

Learning Areas:

Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs

Learning Objectives:
Compare dietary patterns of children at baseline from two communities. Identify differences in dietary patterns by gender.

Keyword(s): Children, Nutrition

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a doctoral student in nutrition. My research interests include the relationship between early childhood nutrition and its implications with obesity, with a particular interest in the Latino Community of California.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.