Effect of enhanced services in the home and community based Medicaid services waiver on risk of psychiatric hospitalization for youth
METHODS: Youth discharged from HCBS-Waiver services (N=4,994) were selected. Demographics, primary diagnosis, HCBS-Waiver services and subsequent psychiatric hospitalizations were extracted from OMH administrative data.
ANALYSIS: Relationships between each service type and the outcome were examined using independent log-rank tests. A Cox regression model was applied to compute the hazard ratio (HR) of being hospitalization for each enhanced service utilized, controlling for the length of waiver episode, demographics, and diagnosis at discharge.
RESULTS: An estimated 37% of children were hospitalized for psychiatric reasons within 3 years post Waiver discharge. Higher doses of skill building services were associated with decreased risk of hospitalization with a Hazard Ratio (HR) of 0.72 (95% 0.62-0.84). Both crisis response (HR: 1.44, 95% CI: 1.25-1.66) and respite services (HR: 1.23, 95% CI 1.06-1.42) were associated with increased risk of hospitalization. Mood disorder (HR=1.45, 95% CI=1.28-1.64) or schizophrenia (HR=2.46, 95% CI=2.03-2.99) were associated with an increased risk of hospitalization. Family support and intensive-in-home services were associated with reduced risk of hospitalization but the estimates were non-significant.
CONCLUSION: This study found that the enhanced service type provided during Waiver episodes had an effect on a child's risk of psychiatric hospitalization post HCBS-Waiver discharge.
Learning Areas:Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Describe the background and purpose of the Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) Waiver Medicaid services. Identify the service components associated with time to psychiatric hospitalization post discharge from Home and Community Based Medicaid Waiver services. Indentify the characteristics of youth associated with time to psychiatric hospitalization post discharge from Home and Community Based Medicaid Waiver services.
Keyword(s): Mental Health Services, Children and Adolescents
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a senior research scientist of the Office of Performance Measurement and Evaluation at the New York State Office of Mental Health. I am responsible for evaluating the HCBS-Medicaid Mental Health Waiver program for youth in New York State.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.