Are risk perceptions associated with adolescent risky driving?
Methods. Vehicles of 42 newly-licensed teenage drivers were instrumented with accelerometers, cameras, global positioning systems, allowing objective assessment of crashes/near crashes and elevated g-force events (kinematic risky driving). In addition, participants completed surveys three times over 18 months (T1 at 6 months, T2 at 12 months, and T3 at 18 months). These included two measures of risky driving (Checkpoints Risky Driving Scale (C-RDS) and Dula Aggressive Driving Scale (Dula) and one measure of perceived risk. Correlations between perceived risk, self-reported risky driving, and kinematic risky driving at each time point were calculated.
Results. Perceived risk was stable over time, with r>0.70 between T1, T2, and T3. Perceived risk at T1 was significantly correlated with the Dula at T1 (r=0.36), but not at T2 or T3 in either cross-sectional or prospective analyses. Perceived risk was not significantly associated with C-RDS at any time point, and correlated with kinematic risky driving only at T2 (r=0.35). Nor was it correlated with crash/near crash at any time point.
Conclusion: Perceived risk was not consistently associated with measures of risky driving.
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences
Describe the theoretical link between perceived risk and risky driving. Evaluate the reliability of self report measures of perceived risk and risky driving. Explain the relationships over time of perceived risk and self reported and objective measures of driving risk.
Keyword(s): Adolescents, Motor Vehicles
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: As senior investigator, I have conducted numerous studies on teenage driving risk and prevention.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
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