Self-efficacy as a mediator on the relationship between parent-child bonding and suicidal ideation among middle school students
Methods: For the Adolescent Health Promotion Study, 500 middle school students were selected national-wide by using quota sampling from regional areas in Korea. A multiple regression analysis and Sobel test were used to verify the significant mediating effect.
Results: The results show that suicidal ideation were negatively associated with the levels of parent-child bonding and self-efficacy, and that self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship between parental bonding and suicidal ideation. That is, parental bonding directly affected suicidal ideation, and it increased suicidal ideation through self-efficacy as a mediator.
Conclusion: These findings imply that parent-child relationship of adolescents is a core factor which impact the adolescents` suicide, and that self-efficacy plays an important role in suicidal ideation. Policy, education, and intervention efforts should be targeted at both improving family relationships and increasing self-efficacy among adolescents in planning suicide prevention programs.
Learning Areas:Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Advocacy for health and health education
Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines
Explain the relationship between parent-child bonding and suicidal ideation among middle school students. Analyze the mediating effect of self-efficacy between family factors and suicidal ideation.
Keyword(s): Suicide, Adolescents