Online Program

Assessment of factors associated with adherence of HAART among chronic care patients in dessie hospital

Monday, November 4, 2013 : 11:00 a.m. - 11:15 a.m.

Aklilu Abera, BSc., HIV/AIDS, Population Service International, Ethiopia, Dessie, Ethiopia
Abstract Background: The number of people living with Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV) worldwide reaching an estimated 33.4 million from this 22.4 million found in sub Saharan Africa. Ethiopia is one of the countries that attack by HIV/ Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) from Sub –Saharan country. In this study, the adherence of patient on HAART and associated factors was determined. Data was collected form 352 interviewees who were selected using systematic random sampling technique. The adherence rate was 281 (79.8 %) of HIV|AIDS patients adhered to the prescribed HAART. Some of the reasons for poor adherences reported were 49.1% forgetting the time, 9.9 lack of transportation/distance of ART clinic, 9.5% lack of food and 9.5% want to be blessed through fasting. Being female, older age, rural residents and low income were statistically significant (p=0.001) association with poor adherence.

Counselors shall have special emphasis on adherence before initiating Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) on older, female, rural residents. Watch and mobile alarm shall be well addressed in the adherence counseling and facilitating peer discussions was recommended. Improving the psychosocial support to HIV|AIDS patients from families, faith based organization, and government was highly recommended.

Key words: HAART, Adherence, HIV/AIDS, Ethiopia

Learning Areas:

Occupational health and safety
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Public health or related education
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe the quality of service to improve adherence on Highly Active anti Retro-viral Therapy.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been working as Clinical Nurse Mentor of Mentors. And I have studied BSc. in Clinical Nursing, where I have conducted research thesis as a partial fulfillment. On top of this, I have participated in operational researches.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.