Connectedness and preadolescents' role in bullying
Methods: 426 preadolescents ages 10-12 years old from an community-based afterschool program participated in this exploratory, cross-sectional study, by completing a quantitative questionnaire in paper and pencil format. Data was analyzed overall, by location (i.e., San Juan Metropolitan Area (SJ Metro), Other Municipalities within PR), gender, age, and church attendance.
Results: Half of the participants (50%) were bullying bystanders, 20% were only victims, 5% were perpetrators only, and 16% were bully-victims. They reported the highest connectedness to school, followed by community, parents, teachers, mothers, religion, fathers, and friends. Statistically significant differences were found by location, gender, age and church attendance.
Connectedness was correlated significantly to the participants' involvement in bullying at different roles. Connectedness overall, to mothers, teachers and school was positively and significantly correlated to victimization, whereas connectedness to school was negatively correlated to perpetration. Bully-victimization was negatively correlated to connectedness overall, to parents, mothers, friends, teachers, and school.
Conclusions: Surprisingly, having strong prosocial connections to these sources do not appear to have a reduction impact on participants' bullying victimization. Implications for PR schools and the PR Department of Education, community-based organizations, and other entities will be discussed.
Learning Areas:Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences
Assess the relationship between preadolescents’ connectedness to others and their role in bullying.
Keyword(s): Violence, Adolescents
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the principal investigator for this research study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.